What is Wellness? (Wellness Dimensions)


Wellness is a healthy balance of mind, body, and spirit. It is an active process of making choices to achieve this balance. For this reason, many university, public health, and corporate programs that focus on wellness follow a popular, multidimensional model which consists of the six areas (dimensions) listed below.

Physical
  • Physical fitness, ability, active living, recreation
  • Body image awareness
  • Nutrition, eating behaviors
  • Personal safety, injury prevention
  • Substance use:  alcohol and other drugs (prescription and nonprescription – tobacco, marijuana)
  • Sexual health, sexually transmitted infections, pregnancy
  • Medical history, self-care

Mental

  • Critical thinking, problem-solving skills
  • Mental status, abilities, challenges
  • Stimulation, creativity
  • Educational goals
  • Adaptation to change
  • Ability to access resources

Spiritual

  • Sense of belonging, bonding
  • Religious, spiritual belief system
  • Sense of purpose, direction, meaning
  • Willingness to seek guidance
  • Respect for diversity
  • Life satisfaction, positive acceptance of life
  • Personal beliefs about various issues in life

Social

  • Interdependence, willingness to seek help from and give help to others
  • Interaction with community and environment
  • Social network
  • Family, significant relationships
  • Acceptance of others regardless of race, ethnicity, religion, gender, ability, size, or sexual orientation

Emotional

  • Self-awareness, self-esteem
  • Positive attitudes, values, beliefs
  • Communication skills, assertiveness
  • Coping skills
  • Decision-making skills
  • Caring, healthy relationships
  • Stress management

Occupational

  • Academic program, career planning
  • Occupational interests, influence of others
  • Work history, skills
  • Financial status, economic outlook
  • Work, volunteer, leisure balance
  • Child-rearing, homemaking


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